Meade received an honorary doctorate in law LL. Freeman Cleaves The best one-volume study of General Meade's life and military career, with an emphasis on Meade's conduct of the Battle of Gettysburg. Army of the Potomac historian and author Bruce Catton termed this request by Hooker "a strange and seemingly uncharacteristic thing" and "one of the most interesting things he ever did.
This book does a great deal to redress that historical injustice. The people of Philadelphia gave his widow a house at Delancey Place Philadelphiawhere he lived. Meade's Headquarters Edited by: Over the next two years, he served under every commander of the Army of the Potomac and fought in significant battles at Mechanicsville, Second Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, and Chancellorsville, among others.
Unfortunately for Hooker and the Union, the execution of his plan did not match the elegance of the plan itself. Meade knew most of the other officers who were obtaining promotions and important commands, but no one at the War Department paid any attention to his requests for an active leadership role.
I have to fight my way against him. By the end of the first day, two Union infantry corps had been almost destroyed, but had taken up positions on favorable ground.
It became standard issue for as long as the U. He and [William T. A Caspian Sea of Ink: At one point, the Army of Northern Virginia was extremely vulnerable with their backs to the rain-swollen, almost impassable Potomac Riverbut was able to erect strong defensive positions before Meade could organize an effective attack.
Consequently, as long as Meade was in command the war in Virginia was almost exclusively one between armies rather than populations. He died of pneumonia on Nov. For this action, Meade was promoted to major general of volunteers, to rank from November 29,and major in the regular army, to rank from June That fall, for example, Confederate forces ranged from 35, to 60, whereas the Army of the Potomac in September numberedmen; in early December ,; by year end,He approved the plan of Maj.
Inthe first detailed report of Great Lakes was published. Edwin Vose Sumner were relieved of command, on Burnside's recommendation, in the same order appointing Hooker to command.
He graduated 19th in his class of 56 cadets in A London newspaperman described Meade: Johnston saw that the Union army was split in half by the rain-swollen Chickahominy River and hoped to defeat it in detail at Seven Pines and Fair Oaks.
During the Battle of Cold HarborMeade inadequately supervised his corps commanders and did not insist they perform reconnaissance before their disastrous frontal assault. George agreed to enroll, but insisted that he was not going to become a soldier. He stated that Hooker was "unfit to hold an important commission during a crisis like the present.
He fought through the Overland and Petersburg campaigns, earning Grant's respect and being considered for command in the Shenandoah. He has a decidedly patrician and distinguished appearance. Time Line December 31, - George G. On December 31, his birthdayhe married Margaretta Sergeant, daughter of John Sergeantrunning mate of Henry Clay in the presidential election.
Then, he split again, sending Stonewall Jackson's corps on its own flanking march, striking Hooker's exposed right flank and routing the Union XI Corps. Describing his feelings about his 10 years in the U.
He was assigned command of the 2nd Brigade of the Pennsylvania Reservesrecruited early in the war, which he led competently, initially in the construction of defenses around Washington, D.
In August Meade was appointed brigadier general and given command of a Pennsylvania brigade. At any rate as a soldier I had nothing to do but accept… I am moving at once against Lee.
Published by Henry T Coates and Co. In all of these cases, Grant bears some of the responsibility for approving Meade's plans, but Meade's performance was not at the same level of competence he displayed on other occasions.
He also received an assignment to the Department of Texas, with orders to perform a survey of Texas rivers and harbors.
Ambrose Burnside to plant explosives in a mine shaft dug underneath the Confederate line east of Petersburg, but at the last minute he changed Burnside's plan to lead the attack with a well-trained African-American division that was highly drilled just for this action, instructing him to take a politically less risky course and substitute an untrained and poorly led white division.On August 31,Meade was promoted from captain to brigadier general of volunteers, and was given command of a Pennsylvania brigade.
He helped work on the defenses of Washington, then joined the army of the Potomac under General George B. McClellan on the Peninsula and participated in the Seven Days battles at Mechanicsville, Gaines’ Mill, and Glendale.
George Gordon Meade (), American Civil War general, is best remembered as the victor of the Battle of Gettysburg and as the last commander of the Army of the Potomac. The son of an American merchant, George Gordon Meade was born on Dec.
31,in Cadiz, Spain. In determining the worse Generals of the American Civil War, this list will take us from battlefield blunders to portraits on urinals. No doubt, I will. George Gordon Meade (December 31, – November 6, ) was a career United States Army officer and civil engineer best known for defeating Confederate General Robert E.
Lee at the Battle of Gettysburg in the American Civil dominicgaudious.net previously fought with distinction in the Second Seminole War and the Mexican–American dominicgaudious.net the Civil War, he served as a Union general. George Gordon Meade () The victor of Gettysburg, George G.
Meade does not rank with the great captains of the Civil War in part because of his eclipse in the last year of the conflict by the presence of Grant with his army, and a journalistic conspiracy of silence.
George G. Meade, (born Dec. 31,Cádiz, Spain—died Nov. 6,Philadelphia), American army officer who played a critical role in the American Civil War by defeating the Confederate Army at Gettysburg, Pa.