If the rich meaning that naming a qualitative methodology brings to the study is not recognized, a case study might appear to be inconsistent with the traditional approaches described by principal authors Creswell, a ; Merriam, ; Stake, ; Yin, However, case reports have different meaning and purpose to case study, which needs to be distinguished.
Yin, who I believe is the best methodologist available. Pierre,and whether or not a researcher believes it is even possible to have common criteria for assessment of quality Tracy, The aforementioned paper by Campbell and Fiske is mentioned by Norman Denzin as a source of inspiration for his book The Research Act: Denzin asserted that researchers could use multiple forms of triangulation in a study.
Morsefor example, has argued that qualitative researchers should return to the terminology of the social sciences—i. A theoretical introduction to sociological methods.
It is actually a package of techniques from which the analyst can chose and then adapts to his research question 8. In case study data analysis, I believe it is best to first respond to each interview question and later try to summarize the findings relevant to the research question or questions.
This means that qualitative researchers study things in their natural settings, attempting to make sense of, or to interpret, phenomena in terms of the meanings people bring to them" p.
A significant number of studies did not provide a clear methodological description or justification relevant to case study. Seven case studies were categorized as social sciences and anthropology research, which combined case study with biography and ethnography methodologies.
Convergent and discriminant validation by the multitrait-multimethod matrix. This step is called reporting, with numerous forms of reports being available, and the typical case study report being a lengthy narrative YIN,p.
There is evidence of researcher immersion in the case, and Gillard reports spending significant time in the field in a naturalistic and integrated youth mentor role. A widely adopted stance is what has been called a parallel perspective. Triangulation of Interview Data In qualitative methodologies, such as case study, grounded theory, and phenomenology, you can improve the validity of your findings if you use one of various forms of triangulation.
An Incitement to Discourse. The aspects of text interpretation, following the research questions, are put into categories, which were carefully founded and revised within the process of analysis feedback loops. Digital storytelling as an emerging narrative method for preserving and promoting indigenous oral wisdom.
Therefore and because the case study strategy is ideally suited to exploration of issues in depth and following leads into new areas of new constructions of theory, the theoretical framework at the beginning may not be the same one that survives to the end HARTLEY,p.
He is not discounting the value of interviews. Some writers believe that research conducted within different disciplinary traditions must attend to different concerns and that techniques for enhancing research integrity vary.
Being a little bit more specific he defines qualitative content analysis in the following way: Denzin and Lincoln used a metaphor of bricoleur as researcher and bricololage as a solution using different tools in qualitative research: For this the text is paraphrased, generalized or abstracted and reduced.
Inter-subjective verifiability is a case in point here. Triangulation was first described as research by Campbell and Campbell are acknowledged as the first researchers to apply triangulation when they promoted a multiple methods approach. Introductory Works These works introduced the key ideas in triangulation and in mixed methods research, which stems from the logic of triangulation.
Later, the concept was extended to include all those procedures which operate with categories, but which seek at least to quantify these categories by means of a frequency survey of classifications ibid. In six studies, the methodological justification provided did not relate to case study.
To demonstrate how researchers provided a good justification for the selection of case study approaches, four examples are provided. Describing and interpreting a cultural and social group Case Study Developing an in-depth analysis of a single case or multiple cases Gall, Borg, and Gall defined qualitative research as the "inquiry that is grounded in the assumption that individuals construct social reality in the form of individuals construct social reality in the form of meanings and interpretations, and that these constructions tend to be transitory and situational.Technique Triangulation for Validation in Directed Content Analysis Áine M.
Humble, PhD Associate Professor, Family Studies family studies, content analysis, qualitative data analysis software, triangulation, visual tools Author’s note: This study was funded by a New Scholars In this study, triangulation of data, theory, investigator.
Data triangulation involves “using multiple sources of evidence” . These are adopted in this paper, for they through the use of an explanatory qualitative case study, a most effective way of gaining an understanding of specific cases.
The opposite side of this specificity, however, is the difficulty of generalising the insights. Sample Qualitative Research Proposal Published by Permission of the Author Dissertation Proposal Robert R.
Maldonado Akamai University Title: A Phenomenological Pilot Study of Energy Healers Expertise and Recommendations for Energetic Disaster and Trauma Relief Training. Posted in Best Practices, Qualitative Analysis, Qualitative Research, Reflexivity, Research Design & Methods, Triangulation, Validity and tagged negative case analysis, qualitative analysis, qualitative research design, reflexive journal, triangulation, verification on April 30, by Margaret R.
Roller. Definitions of qualitative case study research. Case study research is an investigation and analysis of a single or collective case, intended to capture the complexity of the object of study (Stake, Stake R. dominicgaudious.net art of case study research.
Triangulation is a method used by qualitative researchers to check and establish validity in their studies by analyzing a research question from multiple perspectives. Patton () cautions that it is a common misconception that the goal of triangulation is to arrive at consistency across data sources or approaches; in fact, such.Download