Individual face-to-face feedback produced declines in frequency of drinking at the 6-month followup and alcohol-related problems at 4—6 month and month followups.
What do we know about the social influences approach to smoking prevention? Public Health Reports Studies in California and Massachusetts found that 45 to 50 percent of their young drivers had no inclination the law existed. Indicated interventions would be considered secondary prevention; these approaches are discussed in the treatment section of the report.
Although convicted DUI offenders seem more likely to be rearrested or be involved in an accident, most drivers in alcohol-involved crashes have never been convicted. A review of 49 studies of the legal drinking age changes revealed that in the s and s, when many States lowered the drinking age, alcohol-related traffic crashes among people younger than 21 increased 10 percent.
This latter finding resulted from effects on female, but not male, students. The authors concluded that their findings demonstrate that individually oriented alcohol risk reduction interventions of various forms can reduce quantity and frequency of drinking as well as alcohol-related problems reported by college drinkers.
These new findings are important in that parental influence can extend into college-aged youth. Miron and Tetelbaum found significant declines in traffic fatalities among individuals under 21 in States that changed the minimum legal drinking age to 21 prior to the Federal mandate to raise the drinking age to They also drink more heavily, experience more negative consequences, and engage in more harmful activities, specifically drunk driving.
Congress passed legislation that would withhold highway construction funding for States that did not make it illegal to sell alcohol to people younger than age As such, a public health approach to surveillance data includes assessment of burden and trends across all four stages.
Figure 2 examines trends in alcohol-related traffic fatalities among individuals aged 18—20 targeted by the drinking age changes and those aged 21—24 not targeted. National research comparing BAC of drivers in single-vehicle crashes with that of drivers not in crashes reveals that each.
Roadside surveys of nighttime drivers conducted alcohol breath tests during the fall ofspring ofand fall of The proportion who drove under the influence of alcohol increased from In more than 1. Research regarding ways to reduce college drinking problems has shown that individual-oriented interventions, particularly screening and brief motivational counseling interventions, social norms interventions, environmental policy changes such as the minimum legal drinking age of 21 and drinking-and-driving laws, and comprehensive college—community programs, can reduce college drinking and related morbidity and mortality.
Little change occurred in the comparison city. The model's emphasis on the interaction of factors related to problems with alcohol, as well as its ability to encompass a wide variety of intervention approaches, seems particularly useful. There are various costs that would result from increased testing and reporting, including the costs of the tests and the personnel costs to law enforcement for the time involved in both performing and reporting the tests.
The State Alcohol Beverage Control Administration, with assistance from local and State law enforcement agencies, increased enforcement of the minimum legal drinking age laws.
Parents in the comparison group received a brochure detailing university alcohol policies and consequences of alcohol policy violations Ichiyama et al. In this manner, high-risk subgroups, subcultures, or critical developmental stages across the life span e.
Among individuals 1 to 4 years past high school, the declines were less, from 40 percent to just under 35 percent.
Legal efforts to reduce alcohol-impaired driving have sought after deterrence laws. As a result of their efforts more than 2, state laws have been passed to reduce alcohol-impaired driving NHTSA 1. Consequently, colleges and surrounding communities need to work together to implement multifaceted programs at various levels of intervention.
House of Representatives,4 due to the perception that constituents are being unduly coerced to participate Kelley-Baker, Further, laws aimed at adult drivers also independently contributed to declines in the ratio of drinking to nondrinking drivers in fatal crashes: Recent research evidence now indicates that colleges and universities can reduce harmful drinking and drinking and driving among college students through the use of comprehensive cooperative college—community multi-component approaches that include heightened enforcement of the legal drinking age and other laws aimed to reduce drinking and driving.
Mandated populations consist of students instructed to undergo BMIs because they violated alcohol policies.alcohol-impaired driving and other problems associ- ated with alcohol misuse. Sleet DA, et al. Reviews of evidence regarding interventions to reduce alcohol-impaired driving [published erratum ap- pears in Am J Prev Med ;].
Documents Similar To _Reviews of Evidence Regarding Interventions to Drinking and Driving. Chicago. For example, policy and environmental changes implemented in these programs can either directly target alcohol-impaired driving, usually by increasing the perceived risk of arrest for alcohol-impaired driving, or they can focus on reducing high-risk alcohol consumption, thereby reducing alcohol-impaired driving.
Problems Posed by Alcohol-Impaired Driving: The biggest problem with drunk driving by young adults is the high rate of traffic accidents. Although young drivers ages 16 through 25 makeup only 15% of U.S.
licensed drivers, they constitute 30 percent of all alcohol-related driving fatalities.4/4(1).
Data transparency and access are crucial in understanding the context and patterns of alcohol purchase and consumption, risks and factors associated with alcohol-impaired driving and its consequences, and the effect of policies in place to prevent alcohol-impaired driving crashes.
Also, a variety of environmental policy interventions that reduce availability of alcohol and deter driving while impaired by alcohol have been shown to be effective in reducing drinking and driving and alcohol-related crash involvement of college-aged individuals.
As alcohol-impaired driving persists, legal and community initiatives intervene to help reduce the problem, as well as, continuing research on possible solutions. Problems Posed by Alcohol-Impaired Driving: The biggest problem with drunk driving by young adults is the high rate of traffic accidents.Download